republic, in south-eastern europe, bordered on the north by ukraine on the east by moldova on the south-east by the black sea on the south by bulgaria on the south-west by serbia part of the federation of serbia and montenegro and on the west by hungary. the total area of romania is about 237,500 sq km 91,700 sq mi. bucharest is romanias capital and largest city.
land and resources
romania is roughly oval in shape, with a maximum extent east to west of about 740 km 460 mi and north to south about 475 km 295 mi. the topography is varied. the transylvanian basin, or plateau, which occupies central romania, is very hilly for the most part, but also has wide valleys and extensive arable slopes. the transylvania region is almost completely surrounded by mountains. to the north and east are the carpathian mountains, and along the south are the transylvanian alps, which continue south to the danube gorge at the banat mountains. moldoveanul 2,544...
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