england latin anglia, political division of the island of great britain, the principal division of the united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland. england occupies all of the island east of wales and south of scotland, other divisions of the island of great britain. established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, england in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the british isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nucleus of one of the greatest empires in history. the capital, largest city, and chief port of england is london, with a population in 1996 of 7 million. it is also the capital of the united kingdom and the site of the headquarters of the commonwealth of nations.
the most important buildings in england are tower bridge, the tower of london, oxford university, big ben, buckingham house.
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